Payment & Shipping Terms:
|Port:||China Main Port||Package:||Wooden Case Or According To Customers' Requirement|
|MOQ:||1 Piece||Payment:||T/T Or L/C|
|Production Technique:||Hot Forged||Inspection:||The Third Party Is Acceptable|
Forging Stainless Steel
EN25/826M31/X9931 Alloy nickel chromium forged steel rings
Description: EN25 is a 2.5% nickel - chromium - molybdenum high hardenability, high tensile steel, generally supplied hardened and tempered in the tensile range 930 - 1080 Mpa (Condition U) Rc 28 - 36.
Characterised by high strength and toughness in very large sections - similar to EN26 but with lower carbon content.
Pre hardened and tempered EN25 can be further surface hardened by flame or induction hardening, and by nitriding.
EN25 is used extensively in most industry sectors for applications requiring higher tensile and yield strength than 4140 can provide
X9931 is suitable for the most severe duties where freedom from temper brittleness is necessary. It has high strength and toughness in large sections. Applications include heavy drive shafts, axles, gears, excavator pins, automotive, and general, engineering applications, such as Shafts, connecting rods, pump and gear shafts, Die Holder Blocks, and long wall coal mining roof support pins.
Australia AS 1444-2007 X9931
Germany W.Nr 1.6743 32NiCrMo10 4
Great Britain BS970: Part 3: 1991 826M31
BS970: 1955 EN25
Chemical Composition %:
Phosphorus 0.04 max
Sulphur 0.04 max
Process: EAF+LF+VOD+Forged+Heat Treatment(optional)
OD up to 8,000mm; ID up to 7,800mm; Thickness up to 500mm
Black, Peeled K12, Cold Drawn, Turned & Polished H10, H11, Precision Ground H9, H8
Ultrasonic test :ASTM A 388 or according to customers' requirement
Heat to 1150 oC - 1200 oC maximum, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section.
Do not forge below 850 oC.
Following forging operation the work piece should be cooled as slowly as possible in sand or dry lime etc..
Heat to 800 oC - 850 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section and cool in furnace.
Flame or Induction Hardening
EN25 hardened and tempered bar can be further surface hardened by either the flame or induction hardening methods resulting in a case hardness of Rc 50 approx. Parts should be heated as quickly as possible to the austenitic temperature range (830 oC - 850 oC) and required case depth followed by an immediate oil or water quench, depending upon hardness required, workpiece size/shape and quenching arrangements.
Following quenching to hand warm, most components should be tempered between 150 oC - 200 oC to remove quenching stresses in the case. This will have little effect on case hardness.
Heat to 830 oC - 850 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 10 - 15 minutes per 25 mm of section, and quench in oil, water, or polymer as required.
*Temper immediately while still hand warm.
EN25 hardened and tempered bar can also be successfully nitrided, giving a surface hardness of up to Rc 60. Nitriding is carried out at 490 oC - 530 oC, followed by slow cooling (no quench) reducing the problem of distortion. Parts can therefore be machined to near final size, leaving a grinding allowance only. The tensile strength of the core is usually not affected since the nitriding temperature range is generally below the original tempering temperature employed.
N.B. Nickel is inert to the action of nitrogen and in general resists its diffusion into steel, and this can result in a lower case hardness or longer nitriding cycle times for steels containing nickel such as EN25.
Heat to 640 oC - 660 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 1 hour per 25 mm of section, and cool in still air.
Re-heat to 450 oC - 660 oC as required, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 1 hour per 25 mm of section, and cool in still air.
N.B.Tempering should be avoided if possible within the range 250 oC - 450 oC due to temper brittleness.
Notes on Heat Treatment
Heating temperatures, rate of heating, cooling and soaking times will vary due to factors such as work piece size/shape also furnace type employed, quenching medium and work piece transfer facilities etc..
EN25 in the hardened and tempered as supplied condition is still regarded as being readily machinable and operations such as turning and drilling etc. can be carried out satisfactorily using machine manufacturers, recommendations for suitable tool type - feeds and speeds.
Welding of EN25 in the hardened and tempered condition (as normally supplied), is not recommended and should be avoided if at all possible, as the mechanical properties will be altered within the weld heat affected zone. It is preferred that welding be carried out on EN25 while in the annealed condition, and that the work piece, immediately on cooling to hand warm, is then stress relieved at 640 oC - 660 oC prior to hardening and tempering.
If welding in the hardened and tempered condition is really necessary, then the work piece, immediately on cooling to hand warm, should be if possible stress relieved at 15 C below the original tempering temperature (if known).
Welding of EN25 in whatever condition should always be carried out using low hydrogen electrodes
Certificate of Quality: issued in English, in addition the normal terms, production process, the mechanical property yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and hardness, forged ratio, UT test result, Grain size, heat treatment methods and the sample of is shown on the Certificate of Quality.
Marking: Heat No. will be cold stamped and Steel grade, diameter mm, length mm, and the manufacturer LOGO and weight kg is painted
Contact Person: Anndy